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Modal Verbs | Modal Verbs Rules and Examples 
In this article we will learn that Modal verbs | Modal verbs Rules and Examples  Rules and examples, how many types of Modal verbs are there and where and how it should be used. I am going to give information. And we will explain you by giving some examples so that it is easy for you to understand.
The need for modal verbs is more in English. Because, its knowledge is important for speaking, reading and understanding English. Therefore, here we will get complete information on Modals Verb in Hindi, which is necessary for both exam and personal.
What are Modal verbs
Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs which are called helping verbs in English. In the construction of sentences, we use modal verbs with the main verb to give a different meaning to the sentences. Modal verbs are also called modal auxiliary verbs.
There are many verbs in English but modals verbs are slightly different from them because when we use auxiliary verbs like modals verbs in sentences, a different feeling arises in the sentence.
Here you have to remember that modal verbs are never used as main verbs. Modals always have to be used with the main verb. If you want to make English sentences well, then it is very important to have knowledge of modal auxiliary verbs along with tense.
Let us now tell you how many types of modal verbs are there? Types of modals in hindi. Because before learning Modal, you should know that there are many types of Modal. And what are modal verbs examples.
Examples of Modal Verbs –
- i could not go.
- May God make you successful.
- You should have reminded me.
- I would like to meet you once.
- Ram should go.
How many types of Modals Verb are there?
There are 13 types of Modal auxiliary verbs which are as follows –
- Modal auxiliary verbs:
- Used to
- Ought to
Note:- Keep this in mind!
Primary Auxiliary Verbs:-
do, does, is, am, are, has, have, did, was, were, will…. Etcetera.
Modal Auxiliary Verbs: can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would…..etc.
Above we have given you information about the types of modal verbs. Now we know about all these modals in English Grammar one by one. But before that it is very important to know what are the rules of using functional auxiliary verbs, what are the rules of meaning.
Rules and use of modal auxiliary verbs
1. Primary Auxiliaries are used both as Full Verb (Main Verb) and Helping Verb (Helping Verb). But Modal Auxiliaries (except Need and Dare) are used only as Helping Verb.
2. Form of Primary Auxiliaries ( s, es, V1, V2, ….. V-ing) changes according to the number or person of the Subject. But the form of Modal Auxiliaries remains the same with all Person and Number. As:-He may come.
- They can do this work.
- They may come.
Here Can is used in all the three I (First Person), You (Second Person) and They (Third Person). Similarly Modal Auxiliaries “May” is also used with different Person.
3. Main Verb changes after Helping Verb. As:-
- I am going.
- They have gone.
A sentence is formed by adding go with I, but when the helping verb “am” is used, the form of Go changes to going.
But there is no change in the main verb after Modals. As
- We should help the poor.
- They must go there.
Examples and Use of modal verbs – Modal verbs
Below you have been given examples of Modal verbs and information about which modal verb to use and how to use it. You can practice modal auxiliary verbs by learning this.
Use of ‘Can’
Rule  – Can is used to express ability, capacity, habit or nature and to give permission. As-
- He can lift the bed.
- I can swim across the river.
- We can solve the problems.
- A deceitful person can deceive us.
- An honest man cannot harm anyone.
- You can buy books from the shop.
- Can I see your bag?
- You can go home.
Rule  – Can is also used to express theoretical possibility. As –
- Everyone can make mistakes.
- Electricity can be dangerous.
Use of ‘Could’
Rule  – Could is used to express past ability, power, capacity and polite request, permission (polite request, permission) like –
- My father could drive a car at the age of twenty.
- She could pass the board examination.
- When I was young, I could climb Mount Abu.
- Could you help her, please?
- Could I borrow your books for three days?
Use of ‘May’
Rule  – May is used to express Possibility, uncertainty, surprise (possibility, uncertainty, wonder), wish, pray, bless, curse (wish, prayer, blessing, curse) etc.
- May you live long!
- May God bless you!
- May our publisher live long!
- May you succeed in life!
- Your father may come today.
- My brother may come late today.
- It may be true.
- How old he may be!
- Who may be there!
Rule  – May is used to express the sense of giving or taking permission like –
Que. May he live with you?
Ans. Yes, he can live with me.
Que. May I use your laptop?
Ans. Yes, you can.
Que. May I come in, sir?
Ans. No, you may not.
Use of ‘Might’
Rule  – Might is used to express the sense of less possibility and polite request and permission like –
- His wife might come anytime.
- May I ask a question?
- He might come late.
- You might make a little less noise.
- It might rain today.
Rule  – Might is used to express imagination like – Suppositional sentence – which starts with I wish, we wish, he wishes, she wishes, as if, as though, if only, suppose etc.
- If you worked hard, you might succeed.
- I wish he might have seen ‘Mother India’.
NOTE :- As we read, can, could, may, might are all used to express polite request and permission, but could to express politeness and hesitation as compared to can/may. /might is used.
Use of ‘Shall’
Rule  – Shall is used with subject I/We to express any future action and in Interrogative sentence expressing simple future (normal future event), permission (permission) or desire (desire). is like –
(a) Normal use
- I shall go to Delhi tomorrow.
- We shall go there tonight.
(b) simple future
- Shall I be wasting in despair?
- Shall we go out?
- Shall I thread the needle for you?
Rule  – Shall is used with all subjects other than subject I/We – you, he, she, it, they etc. command, promise, threatened, determination, compulsion (necessity) is used to express like –
- You shall sit outside the office.
- He shall go there at once.
- He shall be awarded
- If you do this, you shall be dismissed.
- He shall be punished if he does that again.
- You shall go there.
- He shall obey me.
- You shall come to school at ten.
- Students shall pay their fees by the 8th of every month.
Use of ‘Should’
Rule  – Should is used for moral obligation, duty, advice and possibility
It is used to express the sense of (likely but less likely) like –
- One should love one’s country.
- She should consult a doctor at once.
- You should not quarrel with your friend.
- We should speak the truth.
- I think you should come tomorrow.
- You should come to school on time.
- You should not laugh at his mistakes.
- India should have won the match.
Rule  – Should is used in conditional clauses to express supposition.
- If it should rain, they will not come.
- If he should see me here, he will be annoyed.
Use of ‘Will’
Rule  – Will is used to express future actions with all subjects (you, he, she, it, they, singular noun, plural noun) other than subject I/We like –
- She will wash the clothes tomorrow.
- You will go to Mumbai tomorrow.
- Parents will come back soon.
- They will complete this work soon.
Rule  – Will is used with subject I/We to express promise, threatened, determination, willingness like –
- I will do everything for my children.
- We will try to help you with this examination.
- We will spoil you.
- I will kill you.
- I will work hard for success.
- We will not allow her to come in.
- We will request him to help you.
- He will go to Lucknow with his wife.
Use of ‘Would’
Rule  – Would is used to express past habit, probability, polite request, wish, determination, past willingness, preference or choice, refusal like –
(a) Past habit
- He would sit for hours in his playground.
- She would go for a walk every morning.
- She would be his wife.
- He would be a doctor.
(c) Polite request with interrogative sentences
- Would you please lend me your laptop?
- Would you like to have a cup of tea?
- Would that she were here.
- Would that I were a bird.
- He wouldn’t tell a lie.
- She would have it her only way.
(f) Past willingness
- He said that he would help me.
- He would like to see her.
- He would die as soon as beg.
- She would rather go than stay.
- He would not answer any questions.
- The machine wouldn’t start.
Use of ‘Ought to’
Rule  – Ought to is used to express the sense of Moral obligation, Strong probability, Advice, Logical necessity, Past obligation, Past disapproval like –
(a) Moral obligation
- We ought to help those who are in need.
- You ought to get better marks.
- One ought not to abuse a beggar.
- He ought to be ashamed of his rude behaviour.
(b) Strong probability
- He ought to win the match.
- She ought to pass the examination.
- He ought to get up early in the morning.
- You ought to read the books.
(d) Logical necessity
- Rashmi ought not to be there.
- Riya ought to start at once.
(e) Past obligation
Ought to + have + M.V (third form)
- He ought to have obeyed his parents.
- I ought to have visited my sister yesterday.
(f) Past disapproval
Ought not to + Have + M.V.(third form)
- You ought not to have laughed at his mistakes.
- Rohini ought not to have treated her husband like that.
Use of ‘Must’
Rule  – Must is used to express the sense of Compulsion, Fixed determination, Duty, Certainty, Strong likelihood, Inevitable like –
- Students must answer at least ten out of the twenty questions.
- The patient must take medicine in time.
(b) Fixed determination
- We must go.
- We must firmly deal with the anti-social challenges.
- I must have my book back.
- A soldier must fight for his county.
- A judge must be upright.
- You must complete your homework tomorrow.
- We must win this match.
(e) Strong likelihood
- You must have heard about Nehru ji.
- She must be hungry after her long walk.
- We must all die.
- Students must strive hard to get 80% marks.
Use of ‘Used to’
Rule  – Used to is used to express the sense of Past habit/situation and Discontinued habit like –
(a) Past habit/situation
- My mother used to go to a temple in the morning.
- He used to exercise every day.
- People used to think that the sun traveled around the earth.
(b) Discontinued habit
- He used to drink tea; now he drinks coffee.
- I used to smoke cigarettes; now i smoke pipes.
Use of ‘Need’
Rule  – Need is used in the meaning of Require / to have to be necessary (necessity / fall) in the form of main verb in both singular and plural form like –
- He needs to go home.
- They need to complete their project.
- He needs my support.
- I need some money.
Rule  – ‘not’ with need is always used in plural form as a marginal auxiliary verb to express a negative idea like –
- He doesn’t need to go to office.
- You need not come here.
- I don’t need to do this work.
Rule  – Need is used as Marginal Auxiliary Verb and Modal Auxiliary Verbs in Interrogative Sentences in Plural form like –
- Need she meets her boss.
- Need he go there.
Use of ‘Dare’
Rule  – Dare is used in both singular and plural form as main verb in the meaning to be courageous (to dare or dare) like –
- He dares to go there.
- I dare to oppose my boss.
- We dare to come here.
Rule  – ‘not’ with Dare is always used in plural form as a marginal auxiliary verb to express a negative idea like –
- I dare not go to the playground.
- He dare not oppose his boss.
Rule  – Dare is used as Marginal Auxiliary Verb and Modal Auxiliary Verbs in Interrogative Sentences in Plural form like –
- Dare he opposes his parents.
- How dare you come here.
Modal Verbs Examples-
- You need some more mangoes.
- He will not be able to help you.
- I need not have told him this.
- Akash could be in that house.
- He can solve this problem.
- It might rain today.
- May I use your notebook?
- Mohan should help the farmers.
- We shall not be afraid.
- You must have heard the name of Mahatma Gandhi.
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1 What are the 23 modal verbs?
Helping verbs, helping verbs, there are 23! Am, is, are, was and were, being, been, and be, Have, has, had, do, does, did, will, would, shall and should. There are five more helping verbs: may, might, must, can, could!
2 What are the 3 rules for the use of modal verbs?
Modal verbs don’t change to present or past tense. Modal verbs don’t add -s to third person singular forms. Modal verbs are followed by the bare infinitive of the main verb – the form without “to.”
3 What is modal verb formula?
How do you make a modal verb? Modal verbs almost always accompany the base (infinitive) form of another verb using this simple formula: modal + (not) + verb. For example: She could sing very loudly.
4 What are the 13 types of modals?
The principal English modal verbs are can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, and must. Certain other verbs are sometimes classed as modals; these include ought, had better, and (in certain uses) dare and need.
5 Should modal rules?
Should is a modal verb. Modal verbs follow these rules: Modal verbs do not take any endings like -s, -ed or -ing (never ‘shoulds’ or ‘shoulded’) Modal verbs are followed by the base form of another verb (should do, should be)