Hello friends in today’s post Present Continuous Tense In English | Full details of Rules, Examples and Exercises have been shared with you. Present Continuous Tense is called Present Imperfect Tense in Hindi. Here we will do the identification, rules and structure of this tense, auxiliary verbs and also practice exercises in English.
Present Continuous Tense In English | Rules, Examples and Exercises
Present Continuous Tense In English | To learn Rules, Examples and Exercises, first of all we need to know about the identity of this tense, main verb, auxiliary verb and examples. After knowing all these, you will have no difficulty in learning Tense.The meaning of Continuous in Hindi is to continue or to be continuous without stopping. In this tense, an action is performed by the subject and at the time of speaking, that action is happening in front of our eyes. The same action is considered incomplete in this tense, hence the meaning of this tense is Present Imperfect Tense in Hindi.
What is present continuous tense
When an action has started in present tense and continues continuously, that is, without ending, it continues continuously, then it is called present tense. This tense is used to describe activities that have not been completed. The present continuous tense is used to describe activities that have not been completed.
Recognition of Present Continuous Tense
In Hindi sentences of Present Continuous Tense, the words raha hai, rahi hai, rahe hai, raha hoon, hua hai, hui hai etc. come at the end of the verbs and the action continues. These sentences are of Present Continuous Tense.
In English sentences, if ing is used in the first form with the subject is, am, are and in the main verb, then the matter is of Present Continuous Tense. As;
- He is studying.
- The children are making noise.
- He is lying on the road.
- They are playing.
- Rekha is dancing.
- Father is sitting on the chair.
Which helping verb and which main verb are used in Present Continuous Tense?
Helping verb Is, Am and Are are used as helping verbs in this tense. See the structure given below.
Use of Am: Am is used only with I.
Uses of Is : Is is used with Third Person Singular Number ( He, She, it, Name )
Uses of Are: Are is used with First Person Plural Number ( We ), Second Person ( You ) and Third Person Plural Number ( They )
Main verb : In this Tense, the fourth form (v4) of the verb is used as the main verb. See the structure given below.
Present Continuous Tense Rules in English
Following are the rules in English to make sentences of Present Continuous Tense;
Rule (A) Is is used with Singular Subjects;
- He is sleeping. (He is sleeping.)
- She is coming. (She is coming.)
- It’s raining. (it is raining.)
- Ram is running. (Ram is running.)
- Sita is going. (Sita is leaving.)
- The boy is studying. (The boy is reading.)
- The sun is shining. (The sun is shining.)
Rule (B) Are is used with Plural Subjects.
- You are learning. (you are learning.)
- We are playing. (They are playing.)
- They are travelling. (They are traveling.)
- She and I are going. (He and I are leaving.)
- The men are shouting. (The man is driving.)
- The boys are running. (The boys are running.)
- The girls are dancing. (girls dancing)
Rule (C) Am is used with I.
- I am writing. (I am writing.)
- I am eating. (I am eating)
Rule (D) -ing is added to the first form of the main verb.
- Read – Reading
(1) If ‘e’ has come at the end of a verb, then it is removed and ing is added. As;
- Live – Living
(2) If y comes at the end of a verb, then ing is added to it.
(3) If there is a consonant at the end of a verb and there is a vowel before it, then while adding ing, that consonant is written by doubling it.
- Hit – Hitting
- Put – Putting
(4) If ie has come at the end of a square, then ie is removed and y is written in place of ie and then ing is added.
- Tie – tying
- Vie – vying
(5) When adding ing to verbs which end in ee, there is no change in ee.
(6) The verbs which end in an L and have a vowel before it, double L while adding ing to it.
Note – On adding ing in American English, single ‘L’ remains.
Subject + is/am/are + v4.
Subject + is/am/are + v4 + Object.
Subject + is/am/are + not + v4 + Object.
Is/am/are + Subject + (not) + v4 + Object ?
W.H Word + Is/am/are + Subject + (not) + v4 + Object ?
Note: W.H Word means. What, Why, When, Where, Who, Whom etc.
Note: v4 means the fourth form of the verb i.e. ing form.
Examples Present Continuous Tense
Structure: Sub + Is, am, are + verb(1st+ing) + object
- They are playing football.
- we are missing you badly.
- We are singing a song.
- We are floating the boats.
- They are having tea.
- It is raining heavily.
- We are going to Delhi by night.
- Reena is playing badminton.
- Radha is dancing.
- Rahul is reading a book.
- We are watching cricket.
Not is used after is, am, are in a negative sentence.
Structure: Sub + Is, am, are + not + verb(1st + ing) + object.
- He is not going to his village.
- She is not cooking the food in the kitchen.
- Rekha is not learning her lesson.
- Rohan is not listening to the songs now.
- You are not going to school.
- We are not running on the road.
- The farmers are not reaping the crops.
- The animals are not running.
- The children are not returning from the school.
- The driver is not driving the school bus slowly.
- He is not explaining the rules of company.
To make a negative sentence, the helping verb is, am are is used before the subject and a question mark (?) is placed at the end of the sentence.
Structure: Is am, are + Sub + verb(1st + ing) + object.
- Is he sleeping?
- Is Radha calling me?
- Is it raining today?
- Is the boy weeping?
- Are they laughing?
- Are we watching the film?
- Are the children making a noise?
- Is the monkey eating a mango?
- Are the animals crossing the river?
- Is your friend helping you?
- Is Shyam working in this big company?
Wh-words Interrogative Sentences
Such interrogative sentences that you cannot answer (yes or no). It is called W.H Interrogative Sentences. That is, W.H is called Question Sentences.
Structure: Wh-word + Is/am/are + subject + verb I + ing + object + other words + ?
- Why is Rajeev laughing?
- Where are you going?
- What are they doing?
- What are we doing here?
- When is the gardener watering the plants?
- How is the king attacking his enemies?
- Where is this boy going?
- What am I giving you?
- Who is calling you?
- Whom are they searching?
- Who is laughing at him?
Interrogative – Negative Sentence
The sentences that start with what and the word does not appear in them or the sentences in between which the question word comes and does not come. Such sentences are called Interrogative Negative Sentences of Present Continuous Tense.
To make such sentences, we have to use Not after the subject and the remaining changes are made according to the rules given above.
Yes-No Type Negative Questions
- Are you not helping him?
- Is he not reading English today?
- Are you not reading English?
- Are they not playing in the field?
- Why are you not learning your lesson?
- Is the hunter not hunting?
- Is the king not forgiving his enemies?
- Isn’t the Prime Minister of India giving a speech at the Red Fort?
- Aren’t you quarreling with this stranger?
- Is he not coming back from Kanpur?
- Are these farmers not opposing the government?
Structure for wh-word type questions:
Structure: Question word + is/am/are + Subject + not + Verb I + Object + Other Words +?
- Why are the police not catching the thieves?
- Why is Radha not going to her village?
- Why is he not sleeping in the garden?
- What are the boys not playing in the garden?
- Why is he not helping him?
- Why is Mohan not learning his lesson?
- Who is not opening the door?
- Why are you not eating your breakfast?
- Why are the was not accepting their mistakes?
- Why are you not preparing for the exam?
- Why is the owner of this company not paying our salary?
- Children ____ going to school. (is/am/are)
- Mom ____ clocking food. (is/am/are)
- Ramesh is ____ from the market. (coming)
- Teachers ____ teaching. (is/am/are)
- The baby is ____. (crying)
- Are ____ watching the news? (we/they)
- ____ mother washing clothes? (is/am/are)
- Radha is not ____ a song. (singing)
- Is father ____ food? (Eat/eating)
- ____ they not writing a letter? (is/am/are)
Present continuous tense examples for exercise in English
- I am dancing now.
- He is working there.
- Rajesh is bringing vegetables from the market
- People are sitting in the sunshine.
- Your brother is waiting for you.
- Radha is calling you.
- He is learning good manners.
- We are marching forward.
- She is doing her work.
- You are laughing for nothing.
- You are losing your youth.
- He is not sowing seeds.
- Grandmother is worshiping in the temple.
- Shyam is eating the fruit now.
- Rekha is talking on the phone.
- We are watching the Ramayana.
- The boy is not making a noise.
- Why is your dog barking?
- We are not choosing the right path.
- Who is weeping?
- Where are you going?
- How are you feeling now?
- Whose train is running faster?
- Why is it not raining heavily today?
- He is not spending money.
- The great work is not starting.
- She is not spoiling the things.
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1. What is present continuous tense and example?
Ans. Present continuous tense denotes actions/events that are already in progress while we speak about them. Children are going to school. The boys are playing in the park. The baby is crying out loud.
2. What is the rule of continuous tense?
Ans. The continuous tense is formed with the verb ‘be’ + -ing form of the verb. The Present continuous can be used to show an action which is happening at the time of speaking. I am having dinner at the moment. The Past continuous can be used to show an action which was happening in the past.
3. What is a past continuous tense?
Ans. The past continuous describes actions or events in a time before now, which began in the past and were still going on when another event occurred.
4. How many tenses in English?
Ans. There are three main verb tenses in English: present, past and future.
5. What are 5 examples of present?
- He goes to school every morning.
- She understands English.
- It mixes the sand and the water.
- He tries very hard.
- She enjoys playing the piano.
In this post, you have learned what is Present Continuous Tense In English | Rules, Examples and Exercises the rule and example of making sentences in English, hope this post will be informative for you. how did you like this post, what was helpful and what was wrong with this post? Do let us know by commenting below. So that we can make this post better. Your opinion will help us a lot in improving this post.