Present Perfect Tense | Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar

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Present Perfect Tense | Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar

Present Perfect Tense | Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar

In this post, complete information about Present Perfect Tense | Present Perfect Tense in English Grammar has been given in full details. Like this Tense is used “when”. What are its basic points. What is the ‘identity’ of the sentences of this Tense and what are the rules and structures of using this Tense etc.

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Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar

First of all, we know that how we recognize Present Perfect Tense in English Grammar and what is its definition. We should understand by reading the sentence that this sentence is a sentence of present perfect tense, so let us know what comes at the end of this sentence.

Recognition:-

At the end of Hindi sentences in Present Perfect Tense, the words have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, have been, or have been, have been, have come, etc. Read the sentences of this tense. By showing that the work is finished recently like—

Which Helping verb and which Main verb are used in Present Perfect Tense?

Helping verb Has or Have is used as a helping verb in this tense. See the structure given below.

Use of Has: Has is used with Third Person Singular Number (He, She, It, Name).

Use of Have: Have is used with First Person (I, We), Second Person (You) and Third Person Plural Number (They).

Main verb: In this tense, the third form (v3) of the verb is used as the main verb. See the structure given below.

Note: If you want to learn to make Verb forms. So you can learn by clicking on the link of the post given below.

Identifying sentences in Present Perfect Tense

If at the end of a sentence, it has been, has been, has been, or is, is, is, is, is, is, is, is, is, is, etc., then it is called Present Perfect Tense.

If we talk about the Helping Verb of Present Perfect Tense, then Have and Has are used in it.

Recognition of English sentences: Sentences in English can be according to any of the given structures.

Subject + has/have + v3.

Subject + has/have + v3 + Object.

Subject + has/have + not + v3 + Object.

Has/have + Subject + (not) + v3 + Object ?

W.H Word + has/have + Subject + (not) + v3 + Object ?

Note: W.H Word means. What, Why, When, Where, How, Who, Whom etc.

  1. What have you cooked today?
  2. Where has your brother gone?
  3. How has the peon opened this door?
  4. Why has he rung the bell?
  5. Which book have you read?
  6. Who has invited you?
  7. Who has called this boy here?
  8. What has your mother cooked today?
  9. Who has sent you here?
  10. How many books has he bought from the market?

Present Perfect Tense Rules

The construction of this tense is mostly done according to the sense, which is very important to understand according to the rules. The formation and rules of Tense are given below in a systematic manner, which will make it easy to understand how Tense is made easily.

The general rules of Present Perfect Tense are as follows.

S + Have / Has + V3 + Other words

Where
S=Subject
V3 = (Third Form of the Verb in Basic Form of the Verb)

The sentences of English Grammar are made mainly in four ways and the structure of the four sentences varies. Sentence Types are as follows.

  • Affirmative Sentence
  • Negative Sentence
  • Interrogative Sentence
  • Interrogative Negative Sentences

We will study all these sentences one by one below.

Structure:

Subject + has/have + verb(3rd form) + object

  1. I have slept
  2. Rita has gone to school.
  3. Veena has eaten the food.
  4. We have heard the story.
  5. She has gone out.
  6. The moon has come out.
  7. The stars are hidden.
  8. The teacher has taught.
  9. He has died of cholera.
  10. She has cleaned the dishes.
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Affirmative Sentences of Present Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + has/have + Verb III + Object + Other Words

To make Hindi affirmative sentences of Present Perfect Tense in English, the rules and sentence structure given below are used;

First of all, keep the subject of the sentence.
After this, the Helping Verb of the sentence is Has or Have.
After this, the third form of the main verb is used.
After that keep the object.
If any other word has come, then it will be kept at the end of the sentence.
You must read Simple Sentences in Hindi.

Affirmative Sentences
  1. Gita has cooked the food.
  2. He has written the letter.
  3. It has rained.
  4. She has reached Agra.
  5. The boys have finished their work.
  6. The hunter has hunted.
  7. The hunter has hunted.
  8. Sheela has cleaned the room.
  9. We have decorated our house.
  10. He has bought a new car.
Negative Sentence of Present Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + has/have + not +v3 + Object.
Subject + hasn’t/haven’t + v3 + Object.

Negative Sentence
  1. I have not cheated her.
  2. They have not heard the news.
  3. You haven’t made a good deal.
  4. He has never come there.
  5. I haven’t seen the Red Fort yet.
  6. Munni has not worn new clothes.
  7. You have not kept your promise.
  8. I haven’t put the letter in the post yet.
  9. Divya hasn’t taken a bath today.
  10. I have not driven the car ever.
Interrogative Sentence of Present Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + has/have + not +v3 + Object.

Has/Have + subject + main verb III + object + other words + ?

Interrogative Sentence
  1. Has he returned from Agra?
  2. Have you revised the lesson?
  3. Have you written a poem?
  4. Has he rung the bell?
  5. Have they seen the show?
  6. Has the tailor stitched your coat?
  7. Have you not eaten the fruits?
  8. Have you talked to him before?
  9. Have I ever come between both of you?
  10. Have you met each other before?

Interrogative Negative Sentences

To make Interrogative Negative Sentences of Present perfect tense, note is put after the subject. This rule applies to both sentences beginning with ‘what’ and sentences beginning with a question word.

Yes-No Type Negative Questions

If the sentence begins with ‘what’, put Has/Have at the beginning.
After that keep the subject.
Not is used after the subject.
Now you can follow the sentence structure given below.

Structure: Has/Have + subject + not + verb III + object + other words+ ?

Examples:

1. Has the play not started?

2. Have I not met you?

3. Have I not taught you?

4. Have you never been to Agra?

5. Hasn’t he bought the computer?

6. Has your brother not eaten the samosas?

7. Haven’t you learned your lesson?

8. Hasn’t he stolen your book?

9. Has Ram not gone to school?

10. Has he not seen the Taj Mahal?

Who is called the Subject?

Subject: The one who edits the verb in any sentence. He alone is called the Subject. Or just say that in any sentence the one who does the work. It is called Subject. As

Examples:

1. I have told him. I have told him.

2. He has told me. He has told me.

3. I have not called him. I haven’t called him.

4. What has he said to you? What has he told you?

5. Have you called me? Have you called me?

Here I, he and you are the Subjects. Because all these edit the action (say, tell, call), that means they do the work.

What is called verb?

Verb: The work which is done by the Subject in any sentence is called Verb like (eat, go, come, play, read etc.)

Examples:

1. I have told him. I have told him.
2. He has told me. He has told me.
3. I have not called him. I haven’t called him.
4. What has he said to you? What has he told you?
5. Have you called me? Have you called me?

Here saying, telling and calling are Verbs because the same thing is done by the Subject.

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What is called Object .

Object: The one who is affected by the verb in any sentence. It is called Object. That is, the effect of the work done is called Object. As

Examples:

1. I have told him. I have told him.
2. He has told me. He has told me.
3. I have not called him. I haven’t called him.
4. What has he said to you? What has he told you?
5. Have you called me? Have you called me?

Here he, me and you are the object. Because here the action is affecting them only. As

Present Perfect Tense W.H Word Question Sentences Examples in Hindi :

  1. What has he told ?
  2. What have you written ?
  3. What has he told you ?
  4. Why has he come here ?
  5. Why has he called you ?
  6. Why have you not cooked food ?
  7. Why have you not done this work ?
  8. What has the government done for us ?
  9. What have you done for me ?
  10. Why have you helped me ?
  11. How have you thought this ?
  12. What have I done ?
  13. What has he done ?
  14. Where has Mohan gone ?
  15. Why has he gone there ?
  16. What have you cooked today ?

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Conclusion:-

Through this post, we have learned Present Perfect Tense. Have shared the information of Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar with you, we hope that the information given about Present Perfect Tense. Present Perfect Tense | Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar will prove useful for you.

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FAQs:-

1. When is the present perfect used?

Ans. The present perfect tense is commonly used with events that started in the past and continue into the present. However, it has a few other uses too, including events that happened very recently in the past.

2. How does the present perfect tense work?

Ans. The present perfect tense uses the auxiliary verb has or have and the past participle form of the main verb. For example, if you want to use go in the present perfect tense, you say, “I have gone.”

3. What is present perfect perfect tenses?

Ans. The present perfect tense says that an action was completed at a time before the present, and the results or consequences of the action are relevant now. The present perfect is formed using the present tense of the verb “to have” and the past participle of the main verb.

4. What is perfect perfect tense examples?
Ans. Perfect tense talks about those actions that are already done/completed when we are speaking about them. For example, “Ira had gone to the movies.” Here, ‘had gone’ refers to the fact that Ira already went to the movies in the past, and the action is already completed while we are speaking about it.
5. What is an example present perfect tense question?
Ans. We use present perfect questions to ask about recent events that are news. ‘Have you heard the news about Mike? ‘ ‘No. What has he done?
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