Simple Present Tense | Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples

Hello friends, welcome to a2zenglish Grammar, in today’s post we will use Simple Present Tense | Will see Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples. If you read and understand all the Simple Present Tense sentences and English sentences given in this post carefully, then you will not have any problem in speaking and writing Simple Present Tense sentences in English.

Simple Present Tense | Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples

Simple Present Tense | Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples

Learning Simple Present Tense in English is called Simple Present Tense Indefinite Present Tense. All the Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples related to this Tense are given in the next post. Simple Present Tense is very important in English Grammar because it is the first tense to be learned. When a present Simple Present Tense is learned, then you do not face any difficulty in learning all the future Tense.

Simple Present Tense – (Present Indefinite Tense)

In sentences from Simple Present Tense, we come to know that an action or event happens from time to time in general or at an indefinite time. In Present Indefinite Tense, the completion or completion of an action is not known, that is, it is indefinite. Simple Present Tense is called Simple Present Tense or Indefinite Present Tense in Hindi. This tense is also called Present Indefinite Tense. As;

  • He is alone with her at home.
  • I am very busy today.
  • They are not with me in the class.
  • That’s not my car.
  • This is not my brother.
  • He is not very kind.
  • I know him.
  • He lives here with me.

Which helping verb and which main verb are used in Simple Present Tense?

Helping verb (auxiliary verb) Do or Does is used as a helping verb in this tense. But Do or Does are not used in affirmative sentences. It is used in Negative, Interrogative & W.H Question Sentences. See the structure given below.

Use of Do :- Do is used with First ( I, We ), Second ( You ) & Third Person Plural Number ( They ).

Use of Does :- Does is used only with Third Person Singular Number (He, She, it, Name).

Main verb :- The first form (v1) and fifth form (v5) of the verb are used as the main verb in this Tense, see it in the structure given below.

What is the identity of the sentences of Simple Present Tense?

Recognition of English sentences: Sentences in English can be according to any of the structures given below.

structures :-

Subject+v1/v5.

Subject + v1/v5 + Object.

Subject + do/does + not + v1 + Object.

Do/Does + Subject + (not) + v1 + Object ?

W.H Word + do/does + Subject + (not) + v1 + Object ?

Note: W.H Word means: What, Why, How, When, Where, Who, Whom etc.

Identity: In the sentence of simple present tense the action of being or doing is found. At the end of these sentences ‘ta hai’, ‘shabd hoon’, ‘ti hai’, ‘te hai’ etc. are obtained.

  • I am not at home this time.
  • His shop is in front of my home.
  • This car is not his – This car is not his.
  • He is not my father – He is not my father.

Note: Simple present tense sentences sometimes do not tell whether the action is happening at the time of speaking or not. Sentences in this tense only show that the action takes place in the present time.

Simple Present Tense Rules (Present Indefinite Tense)

  • Do/Dos is not used in simple or affirmative sentences.
  • Put s or es in the first form of a singular subject or singular noun verb.
  • Use the I form of the verb with plural subjects or plural nouns.
  • Add s or es to verbs that end in words like o, x, z, s, ss, ch, sh, etc.

As –

  1. go goes,
  2. Watch
  3. reach
  • If a consonant + y comes at the end of the verb:

As –

  1. fly flies,
  2. carry
  3. marry

Example :-

  1. I remember my lessons.
  2. Sita sings a sweet song.
  3. You write a letter.
  4. They memorize their lessons.
  5. He goes to school.
  6. We play hockey.

What is called the subject?

Subject: The one who edits the verb in any sentence. That itself is called the Subject. Or just say that in any sentence the one who does the work. That itself is called the Subject.

As :-

  1. I read.
  2. He works.
  3. I teach you.
  4. We go to school.
  5. They play cricket.
See also  50+ Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense Examples.

What is called Verb (v1,v2,v3,v4,v5)?

Verb: In any sentence, the work which is done by the subject is called Verb like (go, come, play, read, eat etc.)

As :-

  1. I beat him.
  2. I teach you.
  3. Teachers teach us.
  4. They play cricket.
  5. Those children go to school.

● What is called Object?

Object: The effect of the verb in any sentence. It is called Object. That is, the effect of the work done is called Object. As

  1. I read.
  2. He works.
  3. I teach you.
  4. We go to school.
  5. They play cricket.

What are the rules to be followed when using the simple present tense?

There are two main rules you have to follow when using the simple present tense. They are:

  • The first thing that you should understand about the simple present tense is that the verb mostly appears in the base form.
  • This changes when a third-person pronoun or subject is used in a sentence. In this case, the verb used should be made plural.

What is the formula of the simple present tense?

The basic formula of a positive sentence using the simple present tense is as follows:
Subject + Verb in the base form/third person plural form + the rest of the sentence

  1. Ram goes to his house by bicycle.
  2. Let’s bark at the giants.
  3. Mother loves her child.
  4. Your sisters cook.
  5. Anita doesn’t have to wash clothes.
  6. Why do you create noise in the class?

Types of Simple Present Tense | Types of Present Indefinite

There are four types of Present Simple Tense or Present Indefinite Tense. All the four types are explained with their examples respectively.

1. Affirmative Sentence

Affirmative Sentence is a basic rule to translate Hindi translation into English, it is necessary to listen.

Basic rule = subject + first form of verb + object

While translating Affirmative Sentences of simple present Tense in hindi with example from Hindi to English, singular noun and plural have to be taken care of.

Types of Affirmative Sentence Rule

Singular Noun Sentence (Third Person- He/She/It) with First Form of Subject + Verb (s/es) + Object
Singular First Person (I) with First Form of Subject + Verb (does not take s/es) + Object
Singular Second Person (You) with First Form of Subject + Verb (does not take s/es) + Object
Plural subjects (We, You) with First Form of Subject + Verb (does not take s/es) + Object

Affirmative simple present tense with examples

Below are some examples of simple present tense in Hindi, seeing and understanding which will help in translating affirmative sentences from Hindi to English.

Example :

  1. I learn my lesson.
  2. Sita sings a sweet song.
  3. You write a letter.
  4. They learn their lesson.
  5. He goes to school.
  6. To install Hockey.
  7. He goes to market.
  8. Ram plucks the mango.
  9. He comes from Kanpur.
  10. It rains.
  11. You sing a song.
  12. I write a letter.

2. Negative Sentences

Present Negative sentences of simple present tense in hindi:- The following sentences have to be kept in mind while translating negative sentences of Indefinite Tense.

Rule 1:- While translating negative sentences from Hindi to English, He, She, It and others use Does Not with Singular Subjects and take the first form of the Verb.

Negative Sentences-

Subject + does + not + Verb I + Object + Other words

  1. Ravi does not wright a letter.
  2. She does not take part in the darma.
  3. He does not come here nowadays.
  4. She does not like me.
  5. Now, he does not teach me.
  6. Father does not scold me at home.

Rule 2:- I, we, you, they and others use do not with plural subjects and take the first form of the verb. As can be understood on the basis of negative sentences of simple present tense given below.

Negative Sentences-

Subject + do + not + Verb I + Object + Other words

  1.  I do not go to school.
  2.  Good boys do not make noise in the class.
  3.  We do not abuse to anyone.
  4. You do not call me nowadays.
  5. They do not study in this college.
  6. I do not want to do this business with him.

3. Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative Sentences example of simple present tense in hindi:- To translate the interrogative sentence of Present Indefinite Tense is done by the following methods.

Rule 1: – In an interrogative sentence, if ‘what’ comes first in the sentence, with He, she, it and singular nouns, Does and with all other subjects, Do is written before the subject.

See also  40+ Example of Present Perfect Continuous Tense with Hindi Meanings [2023]
Interrogative Sentences–

Question Word + Does/Do + Subject + Verb I Form + Object + other words

Example:-

  1. Does your brother teach you?
  2. Do you help the poor?
  3. Do you love me?
  4. Do i give you a pen?
  5. Which book do you want?
  6. How many pencils do they want?

Rule 2: – If in a sentence what, how, where, why, when etc. interrogative words are in the middle of the sentence, then starting the sentence with the related interrogative word, Does/Do is applied and the first form of the Verb is applied by applying the subject.

Example:-

  1. Why does she always play with toys?
  2. Why does she always play with dolls?
  3. Why does she abuse me?
  4. Why does she come here?
  5. Who does not like milk?
  6. When does he go to school?
  7. Does she not write a letter?
  8. Does he read a book?
  9. Does your mother love you?

4. Interrogative Negative Sentences

Interrogative negative Sentences example of simple present tense :- To translate interrogative negative sentences of Present Indefinite Tense, the following rule has to be followed.

Rule: – Interrogative negative sentences are translated by putting not between the subject and the verb.

Interrogative Negative Sentences–

Question Word + Does/Do + Subject + not + Verb I Form + Object + other words

Example:-

  1. 1. Why doesn’t your cow eat grass?
  2. Why doesn’t the child drink milk?
  3. Does Sohan not sing a song?
  4. Does the goldsmith not sell the rings?
  5. Do you not help me?
  6. Does he not use the words?
  7. Does he not clean his house on Diwali?
  8. Does Mohan not live in the street?
  9. Does the driver not clean this car?
  10. Doesn’t he know you well?
  11. Does the principal not punish the children?
  12. Don’t you cross this river?
  13. Do you not teach your children?
  14. Doesn’t this washerman your clothes?
  15. Doesn’t Sohan catch cats?
  16. Do you not obey your parents?

Simple Present Tense | Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples

Conclusion:-

Through this post, we have learned  Simple Present Tense. Simple Present Tense | Information about Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples has been shared with you, we hope that the information given about Simple Present Tense must have been well understood. Simple Present Tense | Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples will prove useful for you.

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Simple Present Tense | Definition, Structure, Rules, Uses and Examples

FAQs:-

1. What is the formula for Simple Present Tense?

Ans. Subject + base form of the verb/verb+s/es(if needed) + rest of the sentence.

2. Give some examples of Present Tense.

Ans. You read this chapter. Ben has not been playing a video game since 6 p.m. The teacher is teaching in the class. I have never gone there.

3. What are the different types of present tense?

Ans. There are four main types or forms of the present tense in the English language, namely,

  • Simple Present Tense
  • Present Continuous Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense

4. What are the uses of simple present tense with examples?

Ans. The simple present tense is used to talk about future events that are part of a fixed timetable. The train leaves at 6 pm. The match starts at 9 o’clock. The next flight is at 6:30 tomorrow morning.

5. What is the structure and rules of present tense?

Ans. Present Tense- Structure

Subject + base form of the verb/verb+s/es(if needed) + rest of the sentence. Subject + have/has + past participle (third form of the verb) + rest of the sentence. Subject + have/has + been + present participle (verb+ing) + since/for (if needed) + the rest of the sentence.

Also Read:-

http://Present Perfect Tense | Present Perfect Tense In English Grammar

http://Fill in the blanks with tense forms of the verbs given in brackets

http://50+ Present Perfect Continuous Tense with Examples

http://Future Indefinite Tense Exercises with Answers in Hindi-English (Translation) [2023]

http://100+ Past Simple Tense Example with Hindi Meanings [2023]

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