Tense in English Grammar

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Tense in English Grammar

Tense in English Grammar

Tense in English Grammar is an important component in English language which refers to the time context and it implies. Tense is often expressed by the use of various verb forms, especially in their conjugation patterns. The past, present and future tenses are common in many languages. Tense is used to tell time in relation to the moment of speech. The expression of tense is often associated with the expression of the type of aspect; They are often referred to as tenses.

What is Tense?

Tense is that form of verb in any sentence, through which it is known that what is the relation of time to the work done in the sentence;

The action is happening in the present, happened in the past or is going to happen in the future. This is the reason why there are different auxiliary verbs in sentences of present, past and future tense.

Types of Tense-

In English Grammar, tenses are of three types, that is,

  • Present Tense
  • Past Tense
  • Future Tense

Present Tense

The verb that expresses the present time is in the present tense (present tense). This is called present tense. From this present tense we have the flow of an action happening in the present, having happened or happening at a definite or active time.

Example-

  1. I am playing.
  2. I have played.
  3. I play.
  4. I have been playing for an hour.

Identification of Present Tense – If at the end of the sentence, the word ta hai, ti hai, te hai, rahe hai, rahi hai, rahi hai, rahi hai, hoon, has paid, has taken, given, gone etc. That is Present Tense.

Types of Present Tense

Present Tense

In English Grammar, there are four types of the present tense, these are:

  1. Indefinite Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Present Indefinite Tense

Resent Indefinite Tense is also known as Simple Present Tense or Active Present Tense. The meaning of the word active in this tense – any time about which there is no correct information, the event happening or the work happening at that time is considered active. Any of which occurs or happens by the happening of any action or event, ends up being completed and there is no information about when it happens. We only know that some action or event happens from time to time.

Identification of present Indefinite tense-

Ta, ti, te with hai, hum, ho do not translate.S or es is added to a verb with a singular subject. Verbs with plural subjects do not have s or es. I and you don’t have s or es.

Present Indefinite Tense sentences are identified with the verb “ta hai, ti hai, te hain”.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + Verb I + Object + other words

Helping Verbs-

Do and Does

Examples-

  1. The boy runs.
  2. He goes.
  3. Sita writes a letter.
  4. I play football.
  5. The students read.
  6. The teacher read.
  7. You talk to me.
Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense is also known as present progressive present or imperfect tense. This tense is called Present Imperfect Tense in Hindi. The word continuous is used in this tense. The meaning of Continuous in Hindi is to continue or to continue continuously.

Identification of Present Continuous Tense–

Ta, ti, te with haPresenti, hum, ho do not translate. S or es is added to a verb with a singular subject. Verbs with plural subjects do not have s or es.I and you don’t have s or es.

Identification of present continuous tense –

At the end of the verbs of the sentence, the words have been, have been, have been, have been, happened etc. are attached.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + is/am/are + verb I + ing + object + (others words)

Examples-

  1. I am searching for him.
  2. Rohan is dancing here.
  3. We are studying Geography.
  4. I am not helping him.
  5. It’s not raining here.
  6. You are not working.
  7. Am I writing a book.
Present Perfect Tense

This tense is known as present tense in Hindi. This Tense tells us that the work done by the subject has been completed recently. Already, never, ever, yet etc are used in this tense.

Identification of Present Perfect Tense –

In this tense, the words have been, have been, have been, have been, have been taken, have been given, or are, are, are, have been used at the end of the verbs in this tense.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + has/have + verb III + object + (other words)

Examples –

  1. He has written a letter.
  2. We have done our work.
  3. Rohan has helped me.
  4. He has not written a letter.
  5. We have not done our work.
  6. Rohan has not helped me.
  7. Has Raman bought a car.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense means present perfect tense. This tense tells us that an action started in the past and is continuing in the present. This work can continue even further.

Identification of Present Perfect Continuous Tense –

At the end of the verbs of the sentence, the words have been, have been, have been, have been, happened etc. are attached and the time is also given.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + has been/have been + verb I + ing + object + (other words) + since/for + time.

Examples –

  1. I have been reading this book for two hours.
  2. The child has been playing since 2 o’clock.
  3. I have been working since the first march.
  4. The bird has been flying for two hours.
  5. I have been reading for three hours.
  6. I have been working since 2015.
  7. You have been learning English for two years.
See also  50+ Present Perfect Continuous Tense with Examples.

Past Tense

A verb that indicates a past time is in the past tense. This is called Past Tense. With this tense, we understand that an action or event happened, was happening, had happened or was happening from some point of time in the past.

Examples –

  1. I played.
  2. I have playing.
  3. I have played.
  4. I have been playing for an hour.

Identification of Past Tense- In the sentences of Past Tense, the words ya was, yi was, ye were, ta tha, ti thi, te were, raha tha, rahi tha, had been, chuka tha, chuki thi etc. are attached.

Types of Past Tense

Past Tense

In English Grammar, there are four types of the present tense, these are:

  1. Indefinite Past Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past indefinite Tense

The indefinite past tense is also known as the simple past tense. Which we call Simple Past Tense. From this Tense we come to know that some action happened in the past time and that event or action is completely closed. This means that he is not continuing to work.

Identification of Past Indefinite Tense – At the end of a sentence in this tense, the words ya tha, yee thi, ye thee, ya, yee, yeh, ta tha, thi, te thee, e etc. come.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + Verb II + Object + Other Words

Examples –

  1. He lived in this house.
  2. We played a match.
  3. Lila sang a song.
  4. Boys went to Agra.
  5. We played in the garden.
  6. He watched his clothes.
  7. Past Continuous Tense.
Past Continuous Tense

In these sentences, the continuation of the work is found in the past tense and the time for the continuation of the work is not given. In such sentences, there are words like had been, had been, were living etc. So that sentence is of Past Continuous Tense.

Identification of Past Continuous Tense – At the end of the sentences of this tense, the words had been, had been, had been, happened etc.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + was/were + verb I + object + other words

Examples –

  1. The horse was running.
  2. Ram was coming here.
  3. We were learning our lesson.
  4. The carpenter was making a table.
  5. I was going to school.
  6. Manorama was making tea.
  7. They were playing.
Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense is such a tense which gives sense of two actions. In this tense, after one action ends, another action takes place. That is, the action that happened earlier is made in Past Perfect Tense and the action that happened later is made in Past Indefinite Tense. Some adverbs like before, after, by, till, until, already etc. are used in this tense.

Identification of Past perfect tense – At the end of the verbs, words such as had paid, had already taken, given, or had, were, were, etc. come. Description of two works is also given. This tense is called Past of Past Tense.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + verb II + object + after + subject + had + verb III + object

Subject + had + verb III + object + other words + before + subject + verb II

Examples-

  1. The teacher had already come before I reached the school.
  2. The tree had fallen before the storm came.
  3. I had polished my shoes.
  4. He had combed his hair.
  5. She had fed her dog.
  6. I had heard this news before.
  7. he bell had rung before I reached the school.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense

The sentences with the verbs of which some action has been completed in the past and continued and the sentence was, was, were but ends but the time is definitely given, then that sentence is Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

Identification of Past Perfect Continuous Tense – At the end of the verbs of the sentences, the words had been, had been, had been, happened, had happened etc. and the time is also given.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + had been + verb I + ing + object + (other words) + since/for + time.

Examples-

  1. I had been polishing my shoes.
  2. He had been combing his hair.
  3. She had been feeding her dog.
  4. We had been feeling hungry.
  5. They had been fighting with friends.
  6. You had been bringing a book.
  7. It had been taking two minutes.

Future Tense

A verb that indicates a time to come is in the future tense. This is called Future Tense. With this Tense, we get a sense of some action happening in the future, will be happening, will have happened or will be happening from some time.

  1. I shall play.
  2. He will be playing.
  3. He will has played.
  4. He will have been playing for an hour.

Identification of future Tense – In the above example, the words ga, gee, gaye, raha hoga, rahi hoga, chuka hoga, chuki hogi etc. at the end of the sentence show that it is Future Tense. In this it is clear that the work will be completed in the future.

Types of Future Tense

Future Tense

In English Grammar, there are four types of the future tense, these are:

  • Indefinite future Tense
  • future Continuous Tense
  • future Perfect Tense
  • future Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Future Indefinite Tense
Future Indefinite Tense

At the end of the sentence of Future Indefinite Tense, ga, gee, gay etc. are attached. This tense tells us that some action will happen in the future. This tense is also known as Simple Future Tense.

Identification of future Indefinite Tense – The words ga, gee, gay etc. are attached at the end of the verbs.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + shall/will + verb I + object + other words

Examples-

  1. He will arrive tomorrow.
  2. She will buy it tomorrow.
  3. They will send a gift to him.
  4. She will leave for college.
  5. He will marry her.
  6. He will not kill the birds.
  7. Father will not go to temple.
See also  Collective noun PDF Download:Definition & Meaning with Example
Future Continuous Tense

Future continuous tense is used for an event or action that will continue in the future.

Identification of Future Continuous Tense – At the end of the sentences the words must have been, must have been, must have been, will be being etc.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + will/shall + be + verb I + ing + object + other words

Examples-

  1. He will be preparing for his competition tomorrow.
  2. You will be planning for the next step tomorrow evening.
  3. It will be raining tomorrow.
  4. You will be taking over the Advertisement department of the company after 2 days.
  5. We will be going to America next year.
  6. It will not be snowing tomorrow.
  7. The boys will not be playing tennis.
Future Perfect Tense

Two actions are described in this tense. The first ending action is made in Future Perfect Tense and the second ending action is made in Present Indefinite Tense. Apart from this, the duration of the completion of a work is given in this tense.

Identification of future perfect tense – The words chukega, chukegi, chukenge, chukunga etc. come in the sentences of this tense.

Sentence Structure –

Subject + will have/shall have + verb III object + other words.
Subject + will have/shall have + verb III object + object + before + subject + verb I (simple present tense)

Examples –

  1. I shall have reached New Delhi by evening.
  2. We shall have completed our work by the end of this month.
  3. Rohan will not have come here by 2 o’clock.
  4. Shyam will not have written a letter before you go.
  5. Will you have bought a new car by the end of this year?
  6. Where will father have reached before 4 o’clock?
  7. The boy will have helped you before he comes.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense

In this tense, the work is found to continue in the future, and at the same time the time for the start of the work is also given, then such sentences are of continuous tense.

Identification of Future Perfect Continuous Tense – At the end of the verbs, the words will have been, will have been, will have been, will remain, will remain, will remain, will remain, etc.

Sentence Structure –

Subject+ will/shall + have been + verb I + ing + object + other words + by/from/for + time

Examples –

  1. He will have been studying for 1 hour.
  2. She will have been studying since morning.
  3. He will have been playing since Sunday.
  4. He will have been studying for 2 days.
  5. He will not have been studying for 3 days.
  6. He will not have been playing since Monday.
  7. Will he have been studying for 2 hours?

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Tense in English Grammar

Conclusion:-

Through this post, we have shared the information of Tense in English Grammar with you, we hope that the given information on Tense in English Grammar will prove useful for you.

If you have liked our Tense in English Grammar post, then definitely share this post with your friends who are preparing for any exam through social media.

FAQs:-

1. What is tense?

In the English language, the word ‘tense’ is used to denote a characteristic of the verb in a sentence. The tense of a verb is used to depict the particular time in which a specific or event is taking place.

2. What are the 12 different English tenses?

The twelve tenses in English are as follows:

  • Simple Present Tense
  • Present Continuous Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Simple Future Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense

3. How many present tenses are in English?

There are four types of present tenses Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, and Present Perfect Continuous

4. What are the types of tenses?

There are three types of tenses past, present, and future which can be further divided into Simple Tense, Continuous Tense, Perfect Tense & Perfect Continuous Tense.

5. What are 4 types of tense?

In the English language, tense is used to represent the time of an action.

There are four main types or forms of the present tense in the English language, namely,

  • Simple Present Tense.
  • Present Continuous Tense.
  • Present Perfect Tense.
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Also Read:-

http://Fill in the blanks with tense forms of the verbs given in brackets

http://50+ Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense Examples.

http://50+ Present Perfect Continuous Tense with Examples.

http://Future Indefinite Tense Exercises with Answers in Hindi-English (Translation) [2023]

http://30+ Present Perfect Tense Example with Hindi Meaning [2023]

http://100+ Past Simple Tense Example with Hindi Meanings [2023]

 

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